malmin orthodontics blog

Different Types of Crooked Teeth

Fixing crooked teeth has been around for quite a while. It’s not your dentist that is usually involved in this, but your orthodontist, who specialises in straightening crooked teeth. There are 5 different types of crooked teeth problems that your orthodontist can help improve. These are overbite, underbite, crossbite, crowding and open bite. Any of these problems can make it more difficult for you to bite and chew well, which is how you should be able to benefit from a varied diet.

Overbite

Overbite is what happens when your upper teeth tend to overlap your lower teeth. It’s quite common, but can become so extreme that because your upper jaw is protruding so much your front teeth are able to bite into your gums. The reason for this could be simply the alignment of your teeth but it can also be the result of misalignment of your jaw. It can affect speech, inflict damage to your teeth, cause jaw pain and eating becomes more onerous.

Underbite

This is different from overbite, as the offenders are the bottom teeth. They may start to protrude outwards in front of the top row of teeth. It’s important to correct underbite as early as possible, as this problem could cause pain in the jaw, teeth wearing down unevenly, and even tooth decay.

Crossbite

Crossbite is what happens when the upper jaw’s back teeth bite the inner side of your lower teeth. This teeth issue can help to bring about unwanted gum disease, early wear of the teeth and bone loss. Crossbite should be treated as quickly as possible. There are various reasons for its existence, including sucking your thumb while a baby and hereditary factors.

Crowding

Crowding can be caused by a difference between the size of the upper and lower jaws. It reduces the amount of available space so that the teeth tend to overlap one another and even become crooked It is a common reason for crooked teeth and if left untreated can lead to tooth decay and gum disease.  It will get worse if left untreated.

Open bite

Open bite takes place when some of the teeth fail to connect with the teeth opposite them correctly. Thumb-sucking can cause this and it can be passed through the generations as a hereditary affliction. The effects of open bite include talking with a lisp, pain while eating and headaches. More serious problems such as temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ) can be present as well.

If you are suffering from the effects of crooked teeth you should speak to a Malmin orthodontist to seek a suitable solution. It is possible to treat the different types of crooked teeth using braces and it’s usually easier to treat children and teenagers as they are still growing.  You don’t have to live with crooked, as there is always an option available to treat your condition!

 

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